Dr. Alexander (Sandy) Bisaro

Senior Researcher
Adaptation and Social Learning

tel +49 30-2060738-23
fax +49 30-2060738-33

Global Climate Forum e.V.
Neue Promenade 6
10178 Berlin, Germany

Short Profile:

Sandy is a social scientist working in the fields of climate adaptation and sustainability, with a focus on hard and soft infrastructure finance for sustainable transitions. He has a range of experience working with international organisations, governments, civil society and businesses in both developing and developed countries to co-develop approaches and tools for managing climate risks, particularly in coastal areas.

Sandy is an author of the UNEP PROVIA Guidance on assessing climate change vulnerability, impacts and adaptation, and recently led a work package on win-win climate narratives in the EC-funded GREEN-WIN project. He has co-led work-packages and contributed to a number of integrated research projects included the EC-funded MEDIATION, ADAM and NeWater projects. His PhD (magna cum laude, Division of Resource Economics, Humboldt University, Berlin) applied institutional economics approaches to analyse the impact of climate adaptation discourse and institutional arrangements on national conservation policy and its implementation at the local level in Lesotho. He also holds a Master’s in Science and Technology Studies (STS) from the University of Amsterdam.

Research Interests:

Adaptation governance, climate finance, coasts and sea-level rise

Current Projects:

Researcher, Adaptation and Social Learning Research Process, Global Climate Forum



Member, Advisory Group to the Least Developed Countries Expert Group (LEG) regional training workshops on National Adaptation Plans (NAP)

Selected Publications:

Bisaro, A. and Hinkel, J. 2018. Mobilizing private finance for coastal adaptation: a literature review. WIRES Climate Change. Online first: doi:10.1002/wcc.514

Roggero, M., Villamayor-Tomas, S. Oberlack, C., Eisenack, K., Bisaro, A. Hinkel, J. and Thiel, A. 2018. Introduction to the special issue on adapting institutions to climate change. Journal of Institutional Economics. Online first: doi:10.1017/S1744137417000649

Roggero, M., Bisaro, A. and Villamayor-Tomas, S., 2017. Institutions in the climate adaptation literature: a systematic literature review through the lens of the Institutional Analysis and Development framework. Journal of Institutional Economics.

Bisaro, A., and Hinkel, J. 2016. Governance of social dilemma in climate change adaptation. Nature Climate Change. 6(4) 354-359. doi:10.1038/nclimate2936

Thiel, A., Schleyer, C., Hinkel, J., Schlüter, M., Hagedorn, K., Bisaro, A., Boboyonov, I. Hamidov, A. 2016. Transferring Williamson’s discriminating alignment to the analysis of environmental governance of social-ecological interdependence. Ecological Economics. 128, 159-168.
doi: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2016.04.018

Bisaro, A., Swart, R., and Hinkel, J., 2016. Frontiers of solution-oriented adaptation research. Regional Environmental Change. 16(1), 123- 136.

Hinkel, J. and Bisaro, A. 2016. Methodological choices in solution-oriented adaptation research: a diagnostic framework. Regional Environmental Change. 16(1), 7-20. doi: 10.1007/s10113-014-0682-0.

Hinkel, J. and Bisaro, A. 2015 A review and classification of analytical methods for climate change adaptation. WIRES Climate Change. 6(2) 171-188. doi:10.1002/wcc.322

Bisaro, A., Kirk, M., Zdruli, P. Zimmermann, W., 2014. Global drivers setting desertification research priorities: insights from a stakeholder consultation forum. Land Degradation and Development. 25 (1), 5-16.

Wolf, S., Hinkel, J., Hallier, M., Bisaro, A., Lincke, D., Ionescu, C., & Klein, R. J., 2013. Clarifying vulnerability definitions and assessments using formalisation. International Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Management, 5(1), 54-70.

Bisaro, A., Wolf, S., and Hinkel, J., 2010. ‘Framing climate vulnerability and adaptation at multiple levels: addressing climate risks or institutional barriers in Lesotho?’ Climate and Development, Special Issue on Adaptation in southern Africa, 2, 54-71, Earthscan.

Bisaro, A., Hinkel, J., and Kranz, N., 2010. ‘Multilevel governance of climate adaptation in natural resource management: promoting adaptive governance in Lesotho’, Environmental Science and Policy, 34, 143-132, Elsevier.