Credits: Daniel Lincke



INSeaPTION addresses the urgent need to co-develop coastal climate services tailored to the needs and practices of coastal users. It will develop innovative methodologies that integrate sea-level projections, information on biophysical and socio-economic impacts, and adaptation options with decision-making and governance frameworks. Specifically, the project will co-design and co-develop the following coastal climate services with several groups of diverse users:

  • Global to regional coastal climate service, addressing the needs of major companies, international organizations and governments to have globally consistent information on sea-level rise, its impacts and adaptation pathways for long-term locational planning, climate policy making and financing adaptation and loss & damages.
  • Regional to local coastal climate services addressing the needs of planners and policy makers for local tailored sea-level projections, impact and adaptation information useful for long-term development, infrastructure and land-use planning for two high impact territories: the Maldives and French Polynesia.

GCF is leading the development of the coastal climate services for the Maldives and contributing to the development of the global to regional scale coastal climate services.

Funded by

INSeaPTION is funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) and the European Research Area for Climate Services ERA4CS with project funding reference number 01LS1703A.


Gussmann, G., Hinkel, J. (2021). A framework for assessing the potential effectiveness of adaptation policies: Coastal risks and sea-level rise in the Maldives. Environmental Science & Policy. Volume 115: 35-42.

Bisaro, A. (2019). Coastal adaptation through urban land reclamation: Exploring the distributional effects. DIE ERDE – Journal of the Geographical Society of Berlin, 150(3), 131-144.

Bisaro, A., de Bel, M., Hinkel, J. et al. Leveraging public adaptation finance through urban land reclamation: cases from Germany, the Netherlands and the Maldives. Climatic Change (2019).

Hinkel, J., Church, J. A., Gregory, J. M., Lambert, E., Le Cozannet, G., Lowe, J., et al. ( 2019). Meeting user needs for sea level rise information: A decision analysis perspective. Earth’s Future, 7, 320337.

Wreford, A, Dittrich, R, van der Pol, TD. The added value of real options analysis for climate change adaptation. WIREs Clim Change. 2020;e642.

van der Pol, T.D., Hinkel, J. Uncertainty representations of mean sea-level change: a telephone game?. Climatic Change 152, 393–411 (2019).