Dr. Daniel Lincke

Senior Researcher
Adaptation and Social Learning

tel +49 30-2060738-24
fax +49 30-2060738-33

Global Climate Forum e.V.
Neue Promenade 6
10178 Berlin, Germany

Daniel Lincke studied Computer Science at the Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena and graduated in 2003 (Diploma). After working two years in an industrial researched company he became a PhD student at PIK in 2006. After finishing his PhD (supervised at the Technical University Hamburg-Harburg) in 2012 he joined GCF as a scientific programmer, where his strong knowledge of different programming paradigms and languages is used in different projects. Currently he is involved in the Adaptation and Social Learning process, where he is responsible for application and further development of the DIVA model. In addition he manages the IT-infrastructure at GCF. He was visiting scientist at State Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Resource Ecology (Beijing Normal University) (2015/2016), at Coastal Risks & Engineering (CoRE) Lab, University of Central Florida (2024) and at College of Earth, Ocean, and Atmospheric Sciences, Oregon State University (2024). He also has a former affiliation with the Cluster of Excellence “The Future Ocean” at Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel (CAU).

Current Projects:

Selected Publications:

  • Kirezci, E., Young, I.R., Ranasinghe R., Lincke, D., Hinkel, J. (2023). Global-scale analysis of socioeconomic impacts of coastal flooding over the 21st century. Frontiers Marine Science 9:1024111. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2022.1024111
  • Lincke, D., Hinkel, J., Mengel, M., Nicholls, R. J. (2022). Understanding the drivers of coastal flood exposure and risk from 1860 to 2100. Earth’s Future, 10, e2021EF002584. https://doi.org/10.1029/2021EF002584
  • Fang, J., Nicholls, R.J., Brown, S., Lincke, D., Hinkel, J., Vafeidis, A.T., Du, S., Zhao, Q., Liu, M., Shi, P. (2022). Benefits of subsidence control for coastal flooding in China. Nature Communications 13, 6946 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-022-34525-w
  • Bachner, G., Lincke, D., Hinkel, J. (2022). The macroeconomic effects of adapting to high-end sea-level rise via protection and migration. Nature Communications 13, 5705. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-022-33043-z
  • Hinkel, J., Feyen, L., Hemer, M., Le Cozannet, G., Lincke, D., Marcos, M., Mentaschi, L., Merkens, J. L., de Moel, H., Muis, S., Nicholls, R. J., Vafeidis, A. T., van de Wal, R. S. W., Vousdoukas, M. I., Wahl, T., Ward, P. J., Wolff, C. (2021). Uncertainty and bias in global to regional scale assessments of current and future coastal flood risk. Earth’s Future, 9, e2020EF001882. https://doi.org/10.1029/2020EF001882
  • Brown, S., Jenkins, K., Goodwin, P., Lincke, D., Vafeidis, A.T., Tol, R.S.J., Jenkins, R., Warren, R., Nicholls, R.J., Jevrejeva, S., Sanchez Arcilla, A., Haigh, I.D. (2021). Global costs of protecting against sea-level rise at 1.5 to 4.0 °C. Climatic Change 167(4). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-021-03130-z
  • Mandel, A., Tiggeloven, T., Lincke, D., Koks, E., Ward, P., Hinkel, J. (2021). Risks on global financial stability induced by climate change: the case of flood risks. Climatic Change 166(4). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-021-03092-2
  • Lincke, D., Hinkel, J. (2021). Coastal migration due to 21st century sea‐level rise. Earth’s Future, 9, e2020EF001965. https://doi.org/10.1029/2020EF001965
  • Rohmer, J., Lincke, D., Hinkel, J., Cozannet, L., Lambert, E., Vafeidis, A.T. (2021). Unravelling the Importance of Uncertainties in Global-Scale Coastal Flood Risk Assessments under Sea Level Rise. Water 13(6), 774. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13060774
  • Nicholls, R.J., Lincke, D., Hinkel, J., Brown, S. Vafeidis, A.T., Meyssignac, B., Hanson, S.E., Merkens, J.-L., Fang, J. (2021). A global analysis of subsidence, relative sea-level change and coastal flood exposure. Nature Climate Change 11, p. 338-342. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41558-021-00993-z
  • Kirezci, E., Young, I.R., Ranasinghe, R., Muis, S., Nicholls, R. J., Lincke, D., Hinkel, J. (2020). Projections of global‑scale extreme sea levels and resulting episodic coastal flooding over the 21st century. Scientific Reports 10(11629). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-67736-6
  • Lincke, D., Wolff, C., Hinkel, J., Vafeidis, A.T., Blickensdörfer, L., Povh Skugor, D. (2020). The effectiveness of setback zones for adapting to sea-level rise in Croatia. Regional Environmental Change 20(46). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10113-020-01628-3
  • Fang, J., Lincke, D., Brown, S., Nicholls, R.J., Wolff, C., Merkens, J.-L., Hinkel, J., Vafeidis, A.T., Shi, P., Liu, M. (2020). Coastal flood risks in China through the 21st century – An application of DIVA. Science of The Total Environment 704(135311). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.135311
  • Brown, S., Wadey, M.P., Nicholls, R.J., Shareef, A., Khaleel, Z., Hinkel, J., Lincke, D., McCabe, M. (2020). Land raising as a solution to sea‐level rise: An analysis of coastal flooding on an artificial island in the Maldives. Journal of Flood Risk Management 13(S1). https://doi.org/10.1111/jfr3.12567
  • Schinko, T., Drouet, L., Vrontisi, Z., Hof, A., Hinkel, J., Mochizuki, J., Bosetti, V., Fragkiadakis, K., van Vuuren, D., Lincke, D. (2020). Economy-wide effects of coastal flooding due to sea level rise: a multi-model simultaneous treatment of mitigation, adaptation, and residual impacts. Environmental Research Communications, 2(1). https://doi.org/10.1088/2515-7620/ab6368
  • Parrado, R., Bosello, F., Delpiazzo, E., Hinkel, J., Lincke, D., Brown, S. (2020). Fiscal effects and the potential implications on economic growth of sea-level rise impacts and coastal zone protection. Climatic Change. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-020-02664-y
  • Vafeidis, A.T., Schuerch, M., Wolff, C., Spencer, T., Merkens, J.L., Hinkel, J., Lincke, D., Brown, S., Nicholls, R.J. (2019). Water-level attenuation in global-scale assessments of exposure to coastal flooding: a sensitivity analysis. Natural Hazards and Earth Systen Science, 19, p. 973-984. https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-19-973-2019
  • Merkens, J.-L., Lincke, D., Hinkel, J., Brown, S., Vafeidis, A.T. (2018). Regionalisation of population growth projections in coastal exposure analysis. Climatic Change 151 (3-4), p. 413–426. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-018-2334-8
  • Schuerch, M., Spencer, T., Temmerman, S., Kirwan, M.L., Wolff, C., Lincke, D., McOwen, C.J., Pickering, M.D., Reef, R., Vafeidis, A.T., Hinkel, J., Nicholls, R.J., Brown, S. (2018). Future response of global coastal wetlands to sea level rise. Nature, 561, p. 231-234. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-018-0476-5
  • Jevrejeva, S., Jackson, L.P., Grinsted, A., Lincke, D., Marzeion, B. (2018). Flood damage costs under the sea level rise with warming of 1.5 °C and 2 °C. Environmental Research Letters 13(7):074014. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/aacc76
  • Hinkel, J., Aerts C.J.H., Brown S., Jiménez J.A., Lincke, D., Nicholls, R.J., Scussolini, P., Sanchez-Arcilla, A., Vafeidis, A., Addo K.A. (2018). The ability of societies to adapt to twenty-first-century sea-level rise. Nature Climate Change 8, p. 570-578. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41558-018-0176-z
  • Lincke, D., Hinkel J. (2018). Economically robust protection against 21st century sea-level rise. Global Environmental Change 51, p. 67-73. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2018.05.003
  • Wolff C., Vafeidis A.T., Muis S., Lincke D., Satta A., Lionello P., Jimenez J.A., Conte D., Hinkel J. (2018). A Mediterranean coastal database for assessing the impacts of sea-level rise and associated hazards. Scientific Data 5. https://doi.org/10.1038/sdata.2018.44
  • Nicholls, R. J., Brown, S., Goodwin, P., Wahl, T., Lowe, J., Solan, M., Godbold, J., Haigh, I.D., Lincke, D., Hinkel, J., Wolff, C., Merkens, J.-L. (2018). Stabilisation of global temperature at 1.5°C and 2.0°C: Implications for coastal areas. Philosophical Transactions of The Royal Society A 376: 20160448. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsta.2016.0448
  • Brown, S., Nicholls, R.J., Goodwin, P., Haigh, I.D., Lincke, D., Vafeidis, A.T., Hinkel, J. (2018). Quantifying Land and People Exposed to Sea-Level Rise with No Mitigation and 1.5 and 2.0 °C Rise in Global Temperatures to Year 2300. Earth’s Future. https://doi.org/10.1002/2017EF000738
  • Muis, S., M. Verlaan, R. J. Nicholls, S. Brown, J. Hinkel, D. Lincke, A. T. Vafeidis, P. Scussolini, H. C. Winsemius, P. J. Ward (2017). A comparison of two global datasets of extreme sea levels and resulting flood exposure. Earth’s Future 5 (4). https://doi.org/10.1002/2016EF000430
  • Spencer, T., M. Schuerch, R. J. Nicholls, J. Hinkel, D. Lincke, A.T. Vafeidis, R. Reef, L. McFadden, S. Brown (2016). Global coastal wetland change under sea-level rise and related stresses: The DIVA Wetland Change Model. Global and Planetary Change 139, p. 15-30. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloplacha.2015.12.018
  • Wolff, C., A.T. Vafeidis, D. Lincke, C. Marasmi, J. Hinkel (2016). Effects of scale and input data on assessing the future impacts of coastal flooding: An application of DIVA for the Emilia-Romagna coast. Frontiers in Marine Science 3 (41). https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2016.00041
  • Lincke D., S. Schupp, and C. Ionescu (2015). Functional prototypes for generic C++ libraries: a transformational approach based on higher-order, typed signatures. International Journal on Software Tools for Technology Transfer 17 (1), p. 91-105. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10009-014-0299-0.
  • Hinkel, J., D. Lincke, A. T. Vafeidis, M. Perrette, R. J. Nicholls, R. S. J. Tol, B. Marzeion, X. Fettweis, C. Ionescu, and A. Levermann (2014). Coastal flood damage and adaptation cost under 21st century sea-level rise. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 111 (9), p. 32923297. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1222469111 1222469111.
  • Wolf S., S. Fuerst, A. Mandel, W. Lass, D. Lincke, F. Pablo-Marti, and C. Jaeger (2013). A multi-agent model of several economic regions, Environmental Modelling and Software 44 p. 25-43.
  • Wolf, S., J. Hinkel, C. Ionescu, M. Hofman, S. Bisaro, D. Linke, and R. J. T. Klein (2013). Clarifying vulnerability definitions and assessments using formalisation. In: International Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Management 5.1, pp. 54–70. https://doi.org/10.1108/17568691311299363.
  • Lincke D. (2012). A transformational approach to generic software development based on higher-order, typed functional signatures. PhD Thesis, Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg, 2012.
  • Lincke D. and S. Schupp (2012). From HOT to COOL Transforming Higher-Order Typed Languages to Concept-Constrained Object-Oriented Languages. In: A. Sloane and S. Andova (Ed.), Proceedings of the12th Workshop on Language Descriptions, Tools and Applications, LDTA 2012, Tallinn, Estonia, March 31 – April 1, 2012.
  • Botta, N., A. Mandel, C. Ionescu, M. Hofmann, D. Lincke, S. Schupp and C. Jaeger (2011). A functional framework for agent-based models of exchange. Applied Mathematics and Computation 218, 8, p. 4025-4040.
  • Lincke D. and S. Schupp (2009). The Function Concept in C++ – An Empirical Study. In: J. Gibbons, R. Paterson (Ed.), WGP’09: Proceedings of the 2009 ACM SIGPLAN workshop on Generic programming, Edinburgh, UK, August 30, 2009.
  • Lincke D., P. Jansson, M. Zalewski and C. Ionescu (2008). Generic Libraries in C++ with Concepts from High-Level Domain Descriptions in Haskell. A Domain-Specific Library for Computational Vulnerability Assessment. In: Taha, Walid Mohamed (Ed.), Domain-Specific Languages, Proceedings of the IFIP TC 2 Working Conference, DSL 2009, Oxford, UK, July 15-17 2009.